A 35 year old woman presents for a routine well-woman exam. She is worried about ovarian cancer because one of her friends was recently diagnosed. She has no family history of breast, ovarian or colon cancer. What do you do?
Answer: Based on U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendation on screening for ovarian cancer, you advise against screening tests because they do not have good sensitivity for cancer and there are too many false-positive results. The screening tests like Ca125 and transvaginal ultrasound have not been shown to reduce the number of ovarian cancer deaths.
Keep in mind that these recommendations do not apply to the following women. Studies show these woman would benefit from those screening tests:
- A woman with a confirmed BRCA1 genetic mutation
- A woman with multiple family members who have had colon cancer (Lynch Syndrome)
- A woman whose mother, sister or grandmother had ovarian cancer and breast cancer also in the close family
- An Ashkenazi Jewish woman with close family members with breast or ovarian cancer.